Many people are used to drinking a glass of water in the morning. They think it can not only supplement the water lost by the body’s metabolism during sleep, but also promote defecation and wake up the brain; It can also help reduce blood viscosity and reduce the incidence rate of myocardial infarction and thrombosis.
Therefore, many people insist on drinking a glass of water after getting up . But if they don’t drink it right, it may hurt themselves! Look at the following wrong drinking methods. Do you have any?
Wrong and correct way to drink water
Water too cold or too hot
Whether to drink ice water or normal temperature water should be determined according to their own habits and physiological health status. Some healthy young people who have been drinking cold water since childhood have adapted to the intake of ice water.
However, for most Chinese people, because they have been taught that drinking hot water is beneficial to health since childhood, they have always had the habit of eating warm water. Therefore, too cold water is easy to stimulate the intestines and stomach, causing rapid contraction of blood vessels in gastric mucosa, causing gastrointestinal discomfort. Even some people vomit and diarrhea after drinking ice water. In order to avoid “causing troubles for themselves”, it is better to drink hot water or water in normal temperature.
Prefer honey water, light salt water, lemonade
Compared with boiled water, many people prefer to add some ingredients in it. They think that honey water can defecate and lemonade can whiten skin… But in fact, “flavored water” may not be as good as you think, or it may not be suitable:
① Although honey contains many healthy ingredients, the content of fructose is very high, and fructose needs to be metabolized into glucose after entering the human body, and then absorbed and utilized by the human body. In this way, it is not suitable for people with high blood sugar, but increases the fluctuation range of blood sugar.
② The morning is the first peak of human blood pressure rise. Drinking too much light salt water may make blood pressure higher. Especially for hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, kidney dysfunction, it is undoubtedly one disaster after another. And most people’s daily diet, salt has burst the table, so don’t add any more.
③ Vitamins in lemonade for people with too much acid in the stomach, drinking on an empty stomach is easier to stimulate the stomach, resulting in acid reflux, belching and other symptoms.
A glass of water in the morning, it’s the right way to drink like this
Are these rumors about water true or false?
Should not drink overnight water?
It is said that the reason why overnight water can’t be drunk is that there is nitrite in it. After eating, there will be food poisoning?
But experts said that in general, even overnight water, the content of nitrite is within the healthy range and will not pose a threat to our health.
Whether water can be drunk or not has little to do with whether it is overnight. It mainly depends on the storage time and preservation environment of water. After the water is boiled, it is generally safe to cover it or put it in a warm kettle and drink it within two days.
Is it uncomfortable to drink mixed cold and hot water?
Whether this approach will lead to discomfort is actually divided into two situations: one is that the added cold water is a safe and hygienic water resource, such as purified water, mineral water, cold boiled water, etc., which will not cause any discomfort.
In another case, you add raw water such as tap water and well water. The sanitation of this kind of water is not guaranteed, there are many impurities, and there may be harmful substances, which may cause physical discomfort.
Which is better, mineral water, purified water or soda water?
Some people think mineral water is good because it contains trace elements needed by the human body, such as calcium, potassium, magnesium, sodium, etc.
What makes pure water better is that drinking mineral water for a long time will increase the burden on the kidney and bladder, which is bad for the body.
As for soda, because it is alkaline, some people think that regular drinking can adjust the acid-base balance of the human body and maintain health
In this regard, experts say that drinking water is really not that complicated.
Although there are minerals in mineral water, the amount is very small, which can not meet daily needs and will not burden human organs; The pH of the human body can never be changed by food or drinking water. It needs to rely on a complete body fluid regulation system.
Generally, as long as the water quality is qualified, you can drink it safely without worrying too much about what kind of water it is. Replenishing water is often much more important than choosing which water to use.
Men drink up to 1700ml of water every day; For women, it reaches 1500ml. However, the recommended amount is for healthy people, and for some special people, it needs to be treated differently:
Patients with chronic kidney disease
Such patients are prone to oliguria and edema, which means that the water they drink cannot be normally excreted outside the body. Therefore, the amount of water they drink needs to be adjusted according to the amount of urine.
Appropriate water volume for the whole day = 500ml + urine volume of the previous day. For example, your urine volume the day before is about 800ml, and the water intake the next day should be controlled at about 1.3L.
Tip: the water mentioned here is not only drinking water, but also water in vegetables, fruits, milk, porridge, etc.
Patients with heart failure
People with heart failure have blood stasis and edema due to myocardial systolic and diastolic disorders. If the amount of drinking water is large and the amount of body fluid increases, the blood may become thinner and increase the blood volume, which further aggravates the edema.
Moreover, heart failure will lead to ischemia and hypoxia in various tissues and organs of the whole body, and the kidney will be affected, which can be manifested as less urine or even no urine. Therefore, when drinking more water and metabolism is too little, the imbalance of water and fluid in and out will aggravate heart failure and induce accidents more easily!
Controlling the amount of drinking water is a very important part of heart failure nursing. Patients with severe heart failure should be controlled within 800 ml. you can consult a doctor for details.
Someone who takes some medicine for gastric ulcer
People suffering from gastric ulcers take some substances such as sucralfate, Aluminium Hydroxide Gel and other substances. These substances can be combined with the proteins exuded in the stomach to form gelatinous substances, covering the surface of the gastric mucosa and protecting the gastric mucosa.
Drinking too much water at this time may reduce the efficacy and is not conducive to the recovery of the disease.
It needs to be supplemented with water at these time points
In addition to getting up in the morning, there are several time points in the day that need to be hydrated:
Half an hour before meals
Half an hour before meals, the stomach is empty, the concentration of gastric acid is high, and there is no “digestion task”. The sense of hunger is relatively strong. Drinking a glass of water can dilute gastric acid, help alleviate hunger, and prepare the intestine for food digestion.
Some people worry that drinking water will dilute gastric juice and lead to indigestion. In fact, it’s not drinking water while eating or drinking too much before meals. Generally, you don’t have to worry about this problem.
After a nap
When taking a nap, the body temperature rises, causing part of the water to evaporate into sweat. In addition, gastrointestinal digestion also consumes water for lunch. It is easy to feel thirsty. At this time, it is just good to supplement 200ml of water.
3 or 4 pm in the afternoon
At this time, the human body will feel tired after working or studying for a long time. Drinking water at this time will help to keep a clear mind; It can also promote the excretion of metabolites in the body and reduce the production of fat.
1 hour before going to bed
When sleeping, the water in the human body will be continuously lost through breathing and sweat evaporation, and the blood viscosity will reach the peak. Therefore, it is necessary to supplement about 200ml of warm water one hour before going to bed.
This amount does not need to worry about going to the toilet at night, nor does it need to worry about edema the next day. At the same time, it helps to dilute the blood and is good for the body.
Getting up in the night to urinate
Many people have the habit of getting up to urinate at night, especially the middle-aged and elderly, sometimes have the symptoms of frequent nocturia. After a night, a glass of 100ml ml of water can be added to reduce the risk of high blood pressure and diabetes at night.
In some special period
- When caught in a cold or in a fever, drinking water can wash away the mucus on the respiratory tract, which is conducive to the recovery of the disease.
- Dehydration can be avoided when drinking ater after vomiting and diarrhea.
- When constipation, drinking more water can stimulate intestinal peristalsis and promote defecation.
- During exercise, you sweat a lot and need to replenish water in time to maintain fluid balance.
[water replenishment principle before, during and after exercise]
*drink 300-500ml of water first half an hour before exercise, ;
*It is best to supplement 200ml of water every 15 minutes during exercise;
* After exercise, you should continue to drink 100-200 ml of water every 15 minutes until the urine is no longer particularly yellow.
⑤ Before and after bathing. Drinking water before bathing can prevent accidents caused by excessive sweating, thick blood, and elevated blood pressure during bathing; drinking water after bathing is to replenish lost water.